Difference between Site Plan and Survey

A site plan is a conceptual drawing for planning and design, while a survey accurately measures and maps a property’s physical features to establish legal boundaries and provide precise data for various uses.

The differences between a site plan and a survey lie in their purposes, level of detail, and implications:

  1. Site Plan:
    • A site plan is a graphical representation of a property that typically shows the layout, design, and arrangement of structures, amenities, landscaping, and other features on the site.
    • It is created during the planning and design phase of a project to visualize how the proposed development will fit within the property boundaries and interact with the surrounding environment.
    • Site plans may include information such as building footprints, setbacks, parking areas, access points, utilities, drainage features, landscaping elements, and more.
    • Site plans are used by architects, engineers, planners, and developers to coordinate the design process, communicate ideas, obtain permits, and guide construction activities.
  2. Survey:
    • A survey, conducted by a licensed land surveyor, is a precise measurement and mapping of a property’s boundaries, features, and physical characteristics.
    • Surveys provide accurate data about property boundaries, easements, topography, existing structures, vegetation, utilities, and other site conditions.
    • They are legally binding documents that establish the true location of property lines, resolve boundary disputes, and provide essential information for property transactions, development projects, and land-use planning.
    • Surveys may be required by local authorities as part of the planning and development approval process for certain types of projects, particularly those involving new subdivisions, land divisions, or boundary adjustments.